Multiple Genome Editing Approaches
Genetically driven diseases caused by mutations come in many different forms, ranging from those that reduce or eliminate gene function, to those that direct the production of pernicious or damaging proteins. Intellia is applying and optimizing its Adapted from a naturally occurring bacterial immune system, CRISPR is an acronym for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats. One of the proteins in the CRISPR system is known as CRISPR-associated 9 protein or Cas9 protein, which acts as a pair of ‘molecular scissors’ to cleave DNA. Researchers have co-opted the bacterial CRISPR/Cas9 system to make specific changes in the DNA of humans, other animals and plants. CRISPR/Cas9 was first harnessed in 2012 as a genome editing tool in the lab. More recently, scientists have begun engineering and testing CRISPR systems to be very specific to a desired genetic target. Also called gene editing. Genome editing collectively refers to a set of technologies, including CRISPR/Cas9, that can be used to cut and modify DNA. Genome editing uses systems to make the DNA change inside the cell. These cells can be edited in the body (in vivo) or outside the body (ex vivo) from a patient or donor. platform to address each of these types of mutations.
Meaning “within the living”, this type of therapy is administered directly into the patient, targeting the cells and editing the genome from inside the body.: CRISPR is the therapy
Our systemic Also known as LNP. LNPs are fat-based molecules that are the basis of Intellia’s CRISPR/Cas9 delivery platform. In Intellia’s experimental treatments, an LNP delivers to its target gene a simple, two-part genome editing system: the messenger RNA that encodes the Cas9 protein and the guide RNA that can target a specific DNA sequence. (LNP)-based delivery system has unlocked treatment of genetic diseases to both selectively knock out disease-causing genes and restore necessary genetic functions by targeted Insertion of a new DNA sequence into the genome to manufacture a desired protein using a gene editing technology, such as the CRISPR/Cas9 system..
Also referred to as a cell therapy. In an ex vivo therapy, cells are removed from the body for modification. Modification is done by administering therapy directly to the cells before they are returned to the body. In the case of ex vivo CRISPR/Cas9 therapies, CRISPR/Cas9 is used to modify the extracted cells to repair them back to their proper function or add desired functions. The engineered cells are then administered to the patient so they can treat a particular disease.: CRISPR creates the therapy
We are focused on engineering Type of white blood cell, or leukocyte, essential to the immune system. Intellia is engineering T cells against specific cancer antigens.